Christo

Nasce nel 1935 in Bulgaria da una famiglia di industriali e si forma all’Accademia di Belle Arti di Sofia. Nel 1958 incontra Jeanne-Claude, con la quale nel 1961 intraprende un sodalizio artistico che dura fino alla morte di lei, nel 2009. Il loro primo intervento si svolge a Colonia, ma è con la creazione a Parigi di un muro di barili ostruenti rue Visconti che i due acquistano notorietà. L’operare di Christo è caratterizzato dal gesto dell’impacchettamento, che viene realizzato dapprima con oggetti fino a monumenti, edifici e paesaggi interi in un gioco enigmatico di presenza/assenza, unendo urbanistica e performance artistica nell’esaltazione del soggetto.

SELEZIONE ESPOSIZIONI PERSONALI:

1961

Colonia, Galerie Haro Lauhus

1962

Parigi, Galerie J, Christo: Monument Temporaire – Mur d’Assemblage

1963

Venezia, Galleria del Leone, Christo
Roma, Galleria La Salita, Christo
Milano, Galleria Apollinaire, Christo: Empaquetage Monumental

1964

Torino, Galleria Gian Enzo Sperone, Christo
Dusseldorf, Galerie Schmela, Christo: Store Fronts

1966

New York, Leo Castelli Gallery, Christo
Eindhoven, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Christo: Empaquetages, Volumen Temporale, Store Fronts

1967

Colonia, Galerie Der Spiegel, Christo: Store Fronts, Empaquetages, Projects

1968

New York, John Gibson Gallery, Christo: Projects of Packages, Storefronts, and Barrels for the National Gallery
New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Christo Wraps the Museum: Scale Models, Photomontages, and Drawings for a Non-Event
Philadelphia, Institute of Contemporary Art, Christo: Monuments and Projects

1969

Sidney, Central Street Gallery, Christo
Melbourne, National Gallery of Victoria, Christo: Wrap in Wrap Out

1971

Krefeld, Museum Haus Lange, Christo: Wrapped Floors – Wrapped Stairway – Wrapped Walk Ways

1973

Milano, Studio Marconi, Christo: Opera dal 1959/72
Otterlo: Rijksmuseum Kroller-Muller, Christo: Drawings – Otterlo Mastaba, Project for Kroller-Muller

1978

Monaco, Galerie Art in Progress, Christo: Verpackte Galerie

1979

Boston, The Institute of Contemporary Art, Christo: Urban Project. A Survery

1981

California, La Jolla Museum of Contemporary Art
Colonia, Museum Ludwig, Christo: Projekte in der Stadt 1961-1981

1984

Londra, Juda Rowan Gallery, Christo: Objects, Collages and Drawings 1958-1984
Basilea, Architekturmuseum, Christo: Wrapped Floors im Architekturmuseum in Basel

1990

Sidney, Art Gallery of New South Wales, Christo: John Kaldor Art Project 1990

1991

Tokyo, Satani Gallery, Christo: Early Works 1958-64
Barcellona, Galerua Joan Prats, Christo: Obra 1958-1991
Londra, Annely Juda Fine Art, Christo: Projects Not Realised and Works in Progress

1993

Vienna, KunsthausWien, Christo: Der Reichstag und urbane Projekte

1995

Londra, Annely Juda Fine Art, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Sculpture and Projects

1998

Basilea, Galerie Beyeler, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Early Works and Works in Progress
Torino, Palazzo Bricherasio, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Early Works 1958-1969 and Works in Progress

2000

Londra, Annely Juda Fine Art, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Black and White

2001

Berlino, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Early Works 1958-69
Berlino, Neuer Berliner Kunstverein, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Two Works in Progress

2010

Washington, Smithsonian American Art Museum, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Remembering the Running Fence

2011

Londra, Annely Juda Fine Art, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: 40 Years – 12 Exhibitions

2012

Lauren Rogers Museum of Art, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Prints and Objects
Miami, Lowe Art Museum at the University of Miami, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Prints and Objects

2013

Oberhausen, Ludwig Galerie Schloss, Christo: Big Air Package, Project for Gasometer Oberhausen
Oberhausen, Gasometer, Christo: Big Air Package
Guy Pieters Gallery, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Mastaba, Project for abu Dhabi, United Arabia Emirates

2014

Albuquerque, The Albuquerque Museum of Art and History, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Tom Golden Collection
San Diego, Museum of Contemporary Art, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Featuring Works from the Bequest of David C. Copley

2015

Tampa, Tampa Museum of Art, Christo and Jeanne-Claude featuring works from the bequest of David C. Copley
Sofia, Sofia Art Gallery, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Prints and Objects

2016

Brescia, Museo di Santa Giulia, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Water Project
Saint-Paul-de-Vence, Fondation Maeght, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Barrels
Tyler, Tyler Museum of Art, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: The Tom Golden Collection

2017

Whasington, National Gallery of Art Library, Process and Participation in the Work of Christo and Jeanne-Claude
Courmayeur, Les Maisons de Judith, Christo e Jeanne-Claude: RIVELARE – REVELER
Assisi, Basilica di San Francesco, Christo e Jeanne-Claude fotografate
Bruxelles, ING Art Center, Christo and Jeanne-Claude: Urban Projects

 

SELEZIONE ESPOSIZIONI COLLETTIVE:

1964

New York, Leo Castelli Gallery, Introducing

1968

New York, Museum Of Modern Art, Dada, Surrealism and their Heritage
Kassel, Documenta 4

1970

Torino, Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna, Conceptual Art Arte Povera Land Art

1971

Milano, Palazzo Reale, Metamorphose de Dinges
Berlino, Neue Nationalgalerie
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Ways of Looking

1972

Basilea, Kunsthalle Basel, Metamorphose de Dinges
Kassel, Documenta 5
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Landscape

1974

New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Materials manipulations
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Printed, Folded, Cut and Torn

1976

Berlino, Neue Nationalgalerie, New York in Europa
Missolula, Missoula Art Museum, Art In Landscape
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Drawing now: 1955 – 1975

1977

Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts, American Art in Belgium
Kassel, Documenta 6
New York, MoMA PS1, New York Avant-Garde/Works and Projects of The Seventies

1978

Venezia, Biennale di Venezia

1979

New York, Museum of Modern Art
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Enclosure and concealment

1981

New York, Withney Museum of American Art
Berlino, Staatliche Berliner Kunsthalle
Città del Messico, Museo Tamayo, Exposicion Inaugural

1985

Montreal, Musée d’art contemporain de Montreal
Francoforte, Frankfurter Kunstverein, Vom Zeichnen. Aspekte Der Zeichnung 1960-1985

1986

Vienna, MUMOK, Vom Zeichnen. Aspekte Der Zeichnung 1960-1985
Eindhoven, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Eye level
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Sculptor’s Drawings

1987

Madrid, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia
Houston, Contemporary Arts Museum Houston, The Window in Twentieth-Century Art

1990

Venezia, XLIV Biennale d’Arte

1992

Milano, Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Arte Pop
Lione, Musée d’Art Contemporain Lyon
Santander, Museo de Bellas Artes

1994

Washington, The National Gallery of Art, From minimal to Conceptual Art

1995

Tokyo, Museum of Contemporary Art, Revolution: Art of the Sixties from Warhol to Beuys
Rotterdam, Kunsthal Rotterdam

1997

New York, Museum of Modern Art, The Maximal Sixties: Pop, Op and Figuration
Berlino, Neue Nationalgalerie, Deep Storage

1998

Riehen, Fondation Beyeler, Magie der Baume

1999

Montreal, Musée d’Art contemporain de Montréa
New York, Museum of Modern Art

2000

New York, Queens Museum of Art
Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art

2001

Parigi, Centre Pompidou – Musée National d’Art Moderne, De Artaud…à Twombly

2002

Liverpool, Tate Liverpool
Bourdeaux, Musée d’art contemporain, Les annés 70: l’art en cause
Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago, Representing Nature

2004

New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum
Genova, Villa Croce Museo di Arte Contemporanea, Attraversare Genova. Percorsi e linguaggi internazionali del contemporaneo
Genova, Palazzo Ducale, Arte & Architettura. 1900 – 2000
Tokyo, Mori Art Museum (itinerante), Modern Means: Continuity and Change in Art

2005

Miami, Miami Art Museum
Kassel, Kunsthalle Fridericianum

2007

La Spezia, Centro de Arte Moderna e Contemporanea della Spezia, L’aura della serialità
Parigi, Galeries Nationales du Grabd Palais, Le Nouveau Réalisme
Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts
Santiago, Museo Nacional de Bellas Artes Santiago Chile

2008

Berna, Kunsthalle Bern
Varsavia, National Gallery of Art, Revolutions 1968
Milano, Padiglione d’Arte Contemporanea, Il Nouveau Réalisme dal 1970 ad oggi. Omaggio a Pierre Restany

2010

Kassel, Kassel Kunstverein
Brescia, Museo Ken Damy, Tra pittura e fotografia – sezione contemporanea dal 1960 al 2000
Vienna, MUMOK

2011

Zurigo, Kunsthaus Zurich, The Original Copy: Photography of Sculpture, 1839 to Today
Mosca, The Madison Museum of Contemporary Art
Reykjavik, Reykjavik Art Museum

2012

Venezia, Fondazione Prada, The Small Utopia. Ars Moltiplicata
Chicago, Museum of Modern Art
Hiroshima, Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art, 2012-1 Building: Art in Relation to Architecture

2013

Milano, Palazzo Reale, The Desire for Freedom – Arte in Europa dal 1945
Tallin, Kumu Art Museum, Critique and Crises. Art in Europe since 1945

2014

Lucca, Lucca Center of Contemporary Art, Inquieto Novecento
Gerusalemme, The Israel Museum, Hide and Seek: Works on Paper

2015

Milano, Fondazione Stelline
Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art Chicago
Trento, Galleria Civica di Trento, Nature Arte ed ecologia

2016

Basilea, Museum Tinguely