Jean Dubuffet

Nasce a Le Havre, in Francia nel 1901.  Studia all’Accademia d’arte locale e nel 1918 a Parigi all’Academie Julien, che abbandona dopo sei mesi. Viaggia in Italia nel 1923 e in Sud America nel 1924, rinunciando alla pittura per quasi dieci anni, fino al 1942. Nel 1944 realizza a Parigi la sua prima esposizione personale presso la Galerie René Drouin. Conia nel 1945 il concetto di Art Brut, ad indicare produzioni artistiche al di fuori dei dettami convenzionali dell’arte, realizzate in particolare da bambini o malati mentali, prigionieri, autodidatti ect., non influenzati da sovrastrutture culturali. Dubuffet è promotore di un’arte spontanea, pura, impulsiva e nel 1947 fonda insieme ad André Breton la Compagnie de l’art brut.


SELEZIONE ESPOSIZIONI PERSONALI

1944

Parigi, Galerie René Drouin, Jean Dubuffet

1945

Parigi, Galerie André, Jean Dubuffet

1947

New York, Pierre Matisse Gallery, J. Dubuffet: Paintings

1948

New York, Pierre Matisse Gallery, Jean Dubuffet: Paintings, Gouaches 1946-1948

1949

Bruxelles, Galerie Geert van Bruaene, Jean Dubuffet

1951

Chicago, Art Club of Chicago, Jean Dubuffet
Parigi, Galerie Rive-Gauche, Pour connaitre mieux Jean Dubuffet
New York, Pierre Matisse Gallery, Landscaped Tables, Landscapes of the Mind, Stones of Philosophy: Exhibition of Paintings Executed in 1950 and 1951 by Jean Dubuffet

1954

Stoccolma, Galerie Blanche, Lithographies, Jean Dubuffet
Parigi, Galerie René Drouin, Exposition de peintures, dessins et divers travaux executes de 1942 a 1954 par Jean Dubuffet
New York, Pierre Matisse Gallery, Jean Dubuffet: Recent Paintings, Collages & Drawings

1955

Londra, Institute of Contemporary Arts, Exhibitions of Paintings, Drawings, Sculptures by Jean Dubuffet

1956

Beverly Hills, Frank Perls Gallery, Jean Dubuffet
Parigi, Galerie Rive-Gauche, Jean Dubuffet: Assemblages d’empreintes

1958

Milano, Galleria del Naviglio, Jean Dubuffet
Roma, Galleria d’Arte Selecta, Jean Dubuffet
Francoforte, Galerie Daniel Cordier, Jean Dubuffet: Lob der Erde

1959

New York, Pierre Matisse Gallery, Jean Dubuffet, 1943 – 1959

1960

Torino, Galleria La Bussola, Jean Dubuffet
Londra, Hanover Gallery, Jean Dubuffet, Paintings, Gouaches and Lithographs
Milano, Galleria Blu, Opere di Jean Dubuffet
Stoccolma, Galerie Pierre, Jean Dubuffet
Parigi, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, Jean Dubuffet, 1942 – 1960
Zurigo, Kunsthaus Zurich; Hanover, Kestner-Gesellschaft, Jean Dubuffet
Eindhoven, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum; Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Jean Dubuffet: Grafik

1962

New York, The Museum of Modern Art; Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago; Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, The work of Jean Dubuffet
Roma, Galleria il Segno, Jean Dubuffet
Venezia, Galleria del Cavallino, Jean Dubuffet Opera Grafica

1963

Kassel, Kasseler Kunstverein, Jean Dubuffet: Les Phénomènes
Roma, Galleria Marlborough, Jean Dubuffet: Retrospective

1964

Londra, Robert Fraser Gallery, Jean Dubuffet, Paintings 1961
Venezia, Palazzo Grassi, Jean Dubuffet: L’Hourloupe
Philadelphia, Philadelphia Museum of Art, The Lithographs of Jean Dubuffet
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Jean Dubuffet: Dessins et gouaches

1965

Basilea, Galerie Beyeler, Jean Dubuffet
Bologna, Galleria del Foscherari, Pittura e grafica di Jean Dubuffet

1966

Dallas, Museum of Fine Arts, Jean Dubuffet: Retrospective
Londra, Institute of Contemporary Arts, (itinerante), Jean Dubuffet: Drawings
Londra, Tate Gallery, Jean Dubuffet: Paintings
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Jean Dubuffet
Nagaoka, Museum of Contemporary Art, Jean Dubuffet
New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Jean Dubuffet: 1962 – 1966

1968

Basilea, Galerie Beyeler, Jean Dubuffet
New York, The Pace Gallery, Jean Dubuffet: Painted Sculptures
New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Jean Dubuffet: Drawings

1969

San Francisco, Museum of Modern Art, Jean Dubuffet

1970

Parigi, Centre National d’Art Contemporain, Jean Dubuffet: Le Cabinet Logologique
Basilea, Kunsthalle Basel, Jean Dubuffet: L’Hourloupe

1972

New York, The Museum of Modern Art; Dusseldorf, Stadtische Kunsthalle, Jean Dubuffet: Persons and Places

1973

New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum; Parigi, Galeries Nationales du Grand Palais, Jean Dubuffet: A Retrospective

1974

Dusseldorf, Stadtische Kunsthalle, Jean Dubuffet: Persons and Places
Pittsburgh, Museum of Art, Carnegie Institute, Jean Dubuffet

1975

Parigi, Centre Georges Pompidou, Musée National d’Art Moderne; Basilea, Galerie Beyeler; New York, The Pace Gallery, Jean Dubuffet: Paysages Castillans, Sites Tricolores

1977

Le Havre, Musée des Beaux Arts, J. Dubuffet
Colonia, Galerie Rudolf Zwirner, Jean Dubuffet: Theatres de mémoire

1980

Berlino, Akademie der Kunste; Vienna, Museum Moderner Kunste; Colonia, Josef-Haubrich-Kunsthalle, Dubuffet Retrospektive

1981

New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Jean Dubuffet: A Retrospective Glance at Eighty
Parigi, Musée National d’Art Moderne, Jean Dubuffet, Sites aux figurines, Psycho-sites

1982

Tokyo, Seibu Museum of Art; Osaka, National Museum of Art, Jean Dubuffet

Milano, Studio d’Arte Cannaviello, Jean Dubuffet: Lavori recenti

1983

Londra, Waddington Galleries, Jean Dubuffet: A Retrospective

1984

Malmo, Malmo-Konsthall, Jean Dubuffet
Venezia, Biennale di Venezia - Jean Dubuffet: Mires 1983 – 1984

1985

Parigi, Musée National d’Art Moderne Centre Georges Pompidou, Jean Dubuffet: Non-Lieux
Saint Paul de Vence, Maegh Foundation, Jean Dubuffet rétrospective

1986

Venezia, Peggy Guggenheim Collection, Jean Dubuffet and Art Brut
Chicago, Goldman Kraft Gallery, Jean Dubuffet: Retrospective 1943 – 1981

1989

Parigi, Dubuffet Foundation, Jean Dubuffet: Souvenirs du Sahara
Roma, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Jean Dubuffet 1901 – 1985
Amburgo, Kunstverein, Jean Dubuffet: Ein revolutionaer maler

1990

Francoforte, Schim Kunsthalle, Jean Dubuffet 1901 – 1985

1991

Parigi, Musée des Arts Décoratifs, (itinerante), Les Jean Dubuffet de Jean Dubuffet

1993

Martigny, Fondation Pierre Gianadda, Rétrospective Jean Dubuffet
Osaka, The National Museum of Art, Jean Dubuffet: The Early Works 1940s-1950s
Washington, Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden, Jean Dubuffet 1943 – 1963
Praga, Institut Francais, Jean Dubuffet

1994

Parigi, Dubuffet Foundation, Jean Dubuffet: Dessins et Gouaches 1919 – 1985
Monaco, Galerie Daniel Blau, Jean Dubuffet: Les Phénoménes

1996

New York, Cohen Gallery, Jean Dubuffet: Non-Lieux
Parigi, Galerie Pascal Lansberg, Jean Dubuffet

1997

Toyama, Modern Art Museum, (itinerante), Jean Dubuffet

1998

Taipei, National Museum oh History, Retrospective Jean Dubuffet 1919 – 1985
Carcassonne, Musée des Beaux-Arts, Jean Dubuffet: Paysages du mental

2000

Madrid, Banco Bilbao Vizcaya Argentina; Bilbao, Museo de Bellas Artes, Los Dubuffet de Dubuffet

2001

Gerusalemme, The Israel Museum, Jean Dubuffet: Focus on the Collection

Saint-Etienne, Musée d’Art Moderne, Jean Dubuffet: La collection du musée

2002

Brescia, Palazzo Martinengo, Jean Dubuffet e l’arte dei graffiti

2003

Salisburgo, Rupertinum Museum; Bilbao, Guggenheim, Jean Dubuffet: Trace of an Adventure

2005

Amburgo, Hamburger Kunsthalle; Karlsruhe, Karlsruhe Kunsthalle, Im Blickfeld: Jean Dubuffet
Modena, Foro Boario, Informale: Jean Dubuffet e l’arte europea, 1945 – 1970

2008

Madrid, Circulo de Bellas Artes, Jean Dubuffet o el Idioma de los Muros

2009

Basilea, Galerie Beyeler, Jean Dubuffet
San Paolo, Instituto Tomie Ohtake, Jean Dubuffet

2011

Lucca, Lucca Center of Contemporary Art, Jean Dubuffet e l’Italia

2012

New York, The Pace Gallery, Jean Dubuffet: The Last Two Years

2014

New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Jean Dubuffet: Soul of the Underground

2016

New York, The Morgan Library & Museum; Los Angeles, Hammer Museum, Dubuffet Drawings, 1935 – 1962

2017

Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Jean Dubuffet: The Deeo End
Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum, Dubuffet in the Rijksmuseum Gardens

2018

Malaga, Pompidou Center, Dubuffet – Le Voyageur sans boussole
Zurigo, Hauser & Wirth, Jean Dubuffet and the City

 

SELEZIONE ESPOSIZIONI COLLETTIVE

1944

Parigi, Galerie René Drouin, 21 Paysages

1948

New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Paintings and Sculpture Acquisitions

1952

Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, The 1953 Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting

1954

Minneapolis, Walker Art Center, Reality and Fantasy 1900-1954
New York, Sidney Janis Gallery, Maitres du XX siecle

1955

New York, The Museum of Modern Art, The New Decade
Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh International

1956

Parigi, Galerie Daniel Cordier, Dewasne, Dubuffet, Matta

1957

Parigi, Galerie René Drouin, Bettencourt, Michaux, Dubuffet
Parigi, Paul Facchetti, Dubuffet, Michaux, Wols

1958

Basilea, Galerie Beyeler, Peintures informelles
Bruxelles, Palais International des Beaux-arts, 50 ans d’art moderne
Cleveland, Cleveland Museum of Art, Some contemporary works of art
Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh International

1959

Lubiana, 11° Exposirion Internationale de Gravue
Kassel, Documenta II
Venezia, Palazzo Grassi, (itinerante), Vitalità nell’arte
New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Inaugural exhibition

1960

Tel-Aviv, Association des Musées d’Israel, Le peinture francaise d’aujourd’hui

1961

New York, The Museum of Modern Art, The James Thrall Soby Collection
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Gestalten
New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, One-Hundred Paintings from the G.D. Thompson Collection
Venezia, Palazzo Grassi, Arte e Contemplazione
Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, International Exhibition of Contemporary Painting and Sculpture
Eindhoven, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Paris carrefour de la peinture, 1945 – 1961

1963

New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum; Minneapolis, University Gallery; Cambrige, Fogg Art Museum, 20th Century Master Drawings
Venezia, Palazzo Grassi, Visione colore
Firenze, La Strozzina, La nuova figurazione

1964

Baden-Baden, Staatliche Kunsthalle, Illustrationen
Londra, Institute of Contemporary Arts, Study for an Exhibition of Violence in Contemporary Art
Londra, Tate Gallery, Painting and Sculpture of a Decade
Basilea, Kunsthalle, Bilanz, Internationale Malerei seit 1950
Kassel, Documenta III

1965

Vienna, Museum des 20 Jahrhunderts, Kunst in Freiheit. Dubuffet, Moore, Tobey

1966

New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, European Drawings
Berlino, Akademie der Kunste, Labyrinthe

1968

Londra, Institute of Contemporary Art, The Obsessive Image 1960 – 1968
Washington, National Gallery of Art; New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art; Boston, Museum of Fine Arts; Chicago, Art Institute of Chicago; San Francisco, M.H. de Young Memorial Museum, Painting in France 1900 – 1967
Lucerna, Kunstmuseum, Neue Formen Expressionistischer Malerei seit 1950

1969

Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, Contemporary Art-Dialogue between the east and West
Hannover, Kestner Museum, Sammlung Sprengel II, 1965 – 69

1970

Pittsburgh, Caniegie Museum of Art, 1970 Pittsburgh International

1971

Losanna, Musée des Arts Décoratifs de Lausanne, Le peinture contemporaine dans les collections vaudoises
Venezia, Biennale di Venezia
Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux-Arts, Métamorphose de l’object

1972

Milano, Palazzo Reale, Metamorfosi dell’oggetto
Caracas, Museo de Bellas Artes; Bogota, Museo de Arte Moderno; Messico, Museuo de Arte Moderno; San Paolo, Museu de Arte; Rio de Janeiro, Museu de Arte Moderna, Giacometti, Dubuffet, de Kooning, Bacon
Genova, Palazzo dell’Accademia, Immagine per la città
Firenze, Palazzo Strozzi, Terza Biennale Internazionale della Grafica d’arte

1975

Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, European Painting in the Seventies, New Work by Sixteen Artists

1977

Venezia, Biennale di Venezia

1978

New York, The Museum of Modern Art, Artists and Writers
Basilea, Galerie Beyeler, The Silent Dialogue: The Still Life in the 20Th Century

1980

New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art; Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, The Painterly Print, Monotypes from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Century

1981

Parigi, Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris-Paris
Colonia, Musée de la Ville de Cologne, Westkunst

1982

Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, A private vision: Contemporary Art from the Graham Gund Collection
Londra, Barbican Art Center, Aftermath: New Images of Man, France 1945 – 1954
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, ’60 ’80 attitudes/concepts/images
Houston, Contemporary Arts Museum, In Our Time: Houston’s Contemporary Arts Museum 1948 – 1982

1983

New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Acquisition priorities: Aspects of Post-War Painting in Europe

1984

Parigi, Centre Georges Pompidou, Images et Imaginaires d’Architecture
Nizza, Centre National d’Art Contemporain de la Villa Arson, Escritures dans la peinture
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum; New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, La Grand Parade: Hoogteputen van de schilderkunst na 1940/Highlights in Painting after 1940

1987

Dallas, Dallas Museum of Art; Washington, National Gallery; Madrid, Centro de Arte Reina Sofia; Firenze, Forte di Belvedere; Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv Museum of Art, A Century of Modern Sculpture: The Patsy and Raymond Nasher Collection

1989

New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Twentieth-Century Modern Masters: The Jacques and Natasha Gelman Collection

1990

Londra, Royal Academy of Arts, Twentieth-Century Modern Masters
Città del Messico, Centro Cultural Arte Contemporaneo, Octavio Paz: Los privilegios de la vista

1992

Nizza, Musée d’Art Moderne et d’Art Contemporain, Le Portrait dans l’Art Contemporain
Jouy-en Josas, Fondation Cartier, A visage découvert

1993

Londra, Tate Gallery, Paris Post-War: Art and Existentialism 1945 – 1955
Los Angeles, Los Angeles County Museum of Art, Parallel Visions: Modern Artists and Outsider Art

1995

Parigi, Musée d’Art Moderne, Passions Privées: Collections particulières d’art moderne et contemporain en France
Londra, Whitechapel Art Gallery, Drawing the Line

1998

Stoccolma, Moderna Museet, The Desiring Eye

1999

Lisbona, Centro Cultural de Belém, Berardo Collection 1917 – 1999

2002

Basilea, Fondation Beyeler, Claude Monet: jusqu’à l’impressionisme numerique

2005

Roma, Foro Boario, Informale, Jean Dubuffet e l’arte europea, 1945 – 1970
Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, Sets, Series, and Suites: Contemporary Prints

2007

Venezia, Palazzo Fortuny, Artempo: Where Times Becomes Art
Basilea, Beyeler Museum, The Other Collection: Homage to Ernst and Hildy Beyeler

2009

Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art, Collection: MOCA’s First 30 Years
Venezia, Palazzo Fortuny, In-Finitum

2011

New York, Sotheby’s, Hunters and Gatherers: The Art of Assemblage

2012

New York, Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, Art of Another Kind: International Abstraction and the Guggenheim, 1949 – 1960

2013

Osaka, National Museum of Art, Kansai Kollections
Riehen, Fondation Beyeler, Collection Renard

2016

Losanna, The Collection de l’Art Brut, Jean Dubuffet’s Art Brut: The Origins of the Collection