Otto Piene

Nasce a Laasphe, in Vestfalia nel 1928. Studia arte a Monaco, Düsseldorf e filosofia all’università di Colonia. Dal 1974 al 1993 è direttore del Center for advanced visual studies del MIT di Cambridge-Boston. Nel 1957 è tra i fondatori a Dusseldorf Gruppo Zero insieme ad Heinz Mack a cui si unisce poco dopo Gunther Uecker, e il cui fondamento è la necessità di ripartire da capo, azzerando tutte le esperienze artistiche conosciute fino a qual momento. Il movimento, inseribile nell’ambito delle tendenze ottico-cinetiche, rimane attivo fino al 1966 e si caratterizza per la creazione di mostre collettive serali autogestite, le cosiddette esposizioni serali, della durata di una sera.

SELEZIONE ESPOSIZIONI PERSONALI

1959

Dusseldorf, Galerie Schmela

1960

Berlino, Galerie Diogenes

1961

Antwerp, Galerie Ad Libitum, The Light Paints
Francoforte, Galerie Dato, Sensibilitè prussienne

1962

Dusseldorf, Galerie Schmela, Fauna and Flora
Leverksuen, Stadtisches Museum

1963

Stoccarda, Galerie Muller
Milano, Galleria Cadario, Pitture di fuoco
Genova, Galleria La Polena

1964

Londra, Mc Roberts & Tunnard
Parigi, Galerie Lawrence Rubin

1965

New York, Howard Wise Gallery, Light Ballet

1967

Dortmund, Museum am Ostwall, retrospettiva

1968

Munster, Westfalisches Landesmuseum fur Kunst und Kulturgeschicte

1969

New York, Howard Wise Gallery

1970

Dusseldorf, Galerie Wendtorf & Swetec
Pittsburgh, Arts and Craft Center
Honolulu, Hawaii State Capitol, Sun and Moon

1971

Monaco, Galerie Heseler
Worcester, Worcester Center, Sunburst

1972

Monaco, Galerie Heseler
Buenos Aires, Centro de Arte e Communicacion

1973

Colonia, Kolnischer Kunstverein, retrospettiva
Monaco, Galerie Heseler
Dusseldorf, Galerie Schmela

1974

Ingolstadt, Kunstverein Ingolstadt
Essen, Galerie Heimeshoff

1975

Brema, Kleine Grafik-Galerie
Zurigo, Galerie Ehrensperger
Cambridge, Hayden Gallery and Center for Advanced Visual Studies at MIT, Otto Piene: Paintings, Gouache, Drawings

1976

Monaco, Galerie Heseler
Wuppertal, Galerie Melchers
Dusseldorf, Galerie Schoeller

1977

Kassel, Documenta 6
Fitchburg, Fitchburg Art Museum

1980

New York, Fine Arts Center

1982

Monaco, Galerie Heseler

1983

Essen, Galerie Heimeshoff

Tokyo, Galerie Watari

1985

Monaco, Galerie Heseler
New York, Pat Hearn Gallery

1986

Monchengladbach, Galerie Lohrk

1989

Stoccarda, Kunsthaus Schaller
Dusseldorf, Galerie Schoeller

1996

Dusseldorf, Kunstmuseum im Ehrenhof, retrospettiva

1999

Moers, Stadtischen Galerie, retrospettiva

2001

Celle, Kunstmuseum Celle, Lichtjahre 1957-2001: Otto Piene

2002

Praga, Prague City Gallery, Otto Piene: The Zero Experience

2006

Dusseldorf, Galerie Christine Holz, Otto Piene – Solo

2008

Dortmund, Museum am Ostwall, Otto Piene: Spectrum

2009

Langenfeld, Kunstverein Langenfeld, Otto Piene: Multimedia

2010

New York, Sperone Westwater, Otto Piene: Light Ballet and Fire Paintings, 1957-1967
Monaco, Walter Storms, Otto Piene

2011

Cambridge, MIT List Visual Arts Center, Otto Piene: Lichtballet

2012

Monaco, Galerie Terminus, Otto Piene: Objecte und Zeichnungen
St. Moritz, Galerie Stefan Hildebrandt, Otto Piene – From Zero to Now

2013

Hannover, Galerie Koch, Otto Piene – Zero: 20 Works from 1957 – 1966

2015

Tehran, Tehran Museum of Contemporary Art, Otto Piene: Rainbow
Munster, Museum fur Kunst und Kultur, Otto Piene: Licht

2017

Berlino, Spruth Magers, Otto Piene: Light Ballet

 

SELEZIONE ESPOSIZIONI COLLETTIVE

1959

Kassel, Documenta 2

1960

Leverkusen, Museum Schloss Morsbroich, Monochrome malerei

1961

Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum; Stoccolma, Museum of Modern Art, Moving Movement
Pittsburgh, Carneige Institute, Pittsburgh International Exhibition of Paintings
Zagabria, New Tendencies I
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Recent Acquisitions
Roma, Galleria La Salita

1962

Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Salon de Lumière
Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux Arts

1963

Berlino, Galerie Diogenes, ZERO-the New Idealism
Zagabria, New Tendencies II

1964

Londra, Tate Gallery, Painting and sculpture of a Decade
Parigi, Musée d’Art Moderne, L’art jeune contemporain en allemagne at Salon des Comparisons
Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute, Pittsburgh International Exhibition
Tokyo, National Museum of Modern Art, 4th International Biennial Exhibition of Prints
Kassel, Documenta 3
Philadelphia, Institute of Contemporary Art at the University of Pennsylvania, Zero Show

1965

Washington, The Washington Gallery of Modern Art
Berna, Aktuell Galerie, Aktuell 65
Venezia, Galleria del Cavallino
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, nul 1965
Berna, Kunsthalle Bern; Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux Arts; Vienna, Museum des 20. Jahrhunderts, Light and Movement

1966

Eindhoven, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum, Kunst.Licht-Kunst
Stoccolma, Moderna Museet, Inner and Outer Space
New York, Guggenheim Museum, European Drawings

1967

Venezia, Biennale Internazionale d’Arte
Minneapolis, Walker Art Center, Motion Light Space

1969

New York, Jewish Museum, Inflatable Sculpture

1970

Colonia, Kunsthalle Koln, Jetzt: Kunste in Deuthschland Heute
Londra, Hayward Gallery, Kinetics
Pittsburgh, Carnegie Institute Museum of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh International

1971

Venezia, Biennale di Venezia
Boston, Museum of Fine Arts, Earth, Air, Fire, Water

1974

Boston, Institute of Contemporary Arts, Celebrations

1976

Krefeld, Museum Haus Lange, 20 Jahre Museum Haus Lange
Monaco, Deutsches Museum, Licht in der Malerei
Minneapolis, Walker Art Center, Missisipi

1977

Kassel, Documenta 6

1979

Zurigo, Kunsthaus Zurich, Zero – Bildvorstellungen einer europäischen Avantgarde 1958-64
Vienna, CAVS/MIT, International Biennal Exhibition of Graphic and Visual Art

1980

New York, World Trade Center, Avantgarde Festival

1983

Monaco, BMW-Museum und Galerie, Sky Art – Kunst und Technik
Parigi, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Electra

1985

Amburgo, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Mehr Licht
Londra, Royal Academy of Arts, German Art in the 20th Century
San Paolo, Biennale di San Paolo

1986

Berlino, Neue Nationalgalerie, German Art 1945-85

1989

Dusseldorf, Galerie Schoeller, Gruppe Zero
Berlino, Berlinische Galerie, Martin-Gropius-Bau, Stationen der Modern

1991

Lubiana, Lubljana Prints Biennale

1992

Copenaghen, Charlottenborg, UNDR Kunst, Videnskab Teknik

1994

Duren, Leopold Hoesch-Museum, Paper Art

1996

Bolzano, Museion, Enne and Zero

1999

New York, United Nations, World Artists at the Millennium
Berlino, Neue Nationalgalerie, Art in Germany in 20th Century

2005

Siena, Palazzo Papesse, Zero 1958 – 1969 tra la Germania e l’Italia

2006 – 07

Dusseldorf, Museum Kunst Palast; Saint-Etienne, Musée d’Art Moderne, ZERO. Internationale Kunstler-Avantgarde der 50er/60er Jahre

2008

New York, Sperone Westwater, Zero in New York

2009

Lugano, Museo d’Arte Lugano, Il grande gioco. 1947 – 1989. Forme d’arte in Italia

2012

New York, New Museum, Ghosts in the Machine

2014

San Paolo, Pinacoteca do Estado de Sao Paulo, ZERO
New York, The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, ZERO: Countdown to Tomorrow, 1950s-60s

2015

Berlino, Martin-Gropius-Bau, ZERO – The International Art Movement of the 50s and 60s
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, ZERO: Let Us Explore the Stars

2017

New York, Italian Cultural Institute, European Art at The Time of the Treaties of Rome: Informel, Abstraction, Zero, around 1957