Sol Lewitt

Nasce ad Hartford, negli Stati Uniti nel 1928. L’artista è considerato uno dei massimi esponenti del concettuale, movimento nato negli Stati Uniti negli anni ’60, basato sul concetto per cui l’Idea è più importante della forma stessa dell’opera finale; l’artista ricerca nello spettatore un coinvolgimento di tipo mentale piuttosto che emozionale. Dopo gli studi alla Syracuse University di New York, ha affiancato alla sua ricerca un'intensa attività didattica presso il Museum of Modern Art di New York.  Dagli anni Sessanta esplora la figura del Cubo, considerata dall’artista base di ogni funzione più complessa e passaggio alla terza dimensione. Negli anni ’70-’80 LeWitt si trasferisce in Italia a Spoleto e si dedica ai Wall Drawings, lavorando direttamente sulle pareti; a partire dagli anni Ottanta inizia la produzione dei Concrete Blocks o Complex Forms, strutture in legno bianco.


SELEZIONE ESPOSIZIONI PERSONALI:

1965

New York, John Daniels Gallery

1966

New York, Dwan Gallery

1967

Los Angeles, Dwan Gallery

1968

Krefeld, Museum Haus Lange
Los Angeles, Ace Gallery
Monaco, Heiner Friedrich Galerie

1969

Zurigo, Galerie Bischofberger
Krefeld, Museum Haus Lange, Sculptures and Walla Drawings
New York, Dwan Gallery, Wall Drawings
Roma, Galleria L’Attico

1970

Amsterdam, Art and Project
Parigi, Yvon Lambert
Torino, Galleria Sperone
Pasadena, Pasadena Art Museum

1971

New York, Dwan Gallery, Drawings and Prints
Milano, Galleria Toselli
Londra, Lisson Gallery

1972

Berna, Kunsthalle Bern, Arcs, from corners & sides, circles & grids and all their combinations
Boston, Harkus-Krakow Gallery

1973

Parigi, Yvon Lambert
New York, John Weber Gallery
Oxford, Museum of Modern Art
Roma, Galleria L’Attico

1974

Vancouver, Vancouver Art Gallery (itinerante), Fifty Drawings 1964-74
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Prints
Bruxelles, Palais des Beaux Arts

1975

Napoli, Lucio Amelio Modern Art Agency
Edimburgo, Scottish National Gallery of Modern Art; Amsterdam, Art & Project, Incomplete Oper Cubes
Zurigo, Annemarie Verna
Gerusalemme, Israel Museum, Wall Drawings
Livorno, Galleria Peccolo

1977

Dusseldorf, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Geometric Figures
Oxford, Museum of Modern Art, Incomplete Open Cubes
New York, Brooklyn Museum, Prints

1978

Bari, Galleria Marilena Bonomo
New York, Museum of Modern Art
Montreal, Musée d’art contemporain
Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art

1979

Londra, Lisson Gallery, Geometric Structures
Los Angeles, Leavin Gallery, Photogrids

1980

Tokyo, Galerie Watari
Monaco, Rudiger Schottle, Grids and Colour
Roma, Galleria Ugo Ferranti
Akron, Akron Art Institute, Five American Artists

1981

Los Angeles, Larry Gagosian Gallery
Varsavia, Palace of Culture
New York, Paula Cooper Gallery

1982

Roma, Galleria Ugo Ferranti, Structures
Brescia, Banco Gallery
Chicago, Young Hoffman Gallery

1983

Bordeaux, Musée d’Art Contemporain de Bordeaux
Ginevra, Centre d’Art Contemporain
Londra, Lisson Gallery, Drawings, Watercolours and Prints

1984

Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum
Eindhoven, Stedelijk van Abbemuseum
Parigi, Daniel Templon, Sculptures: 1964-74

1985

Londra, Saatchi Gallery
New York, Brooklyn Museum, Pyramid: A Wall Drawing by Sol LeWitt’

1986

Bologna, Galleria Studio G7
Londra, Tate Gallery, Print 1970-1986
New York, Drawing Center, Wall Drawings
Cincinnati, Contemporary Arts Center, Works on Paper from the RSM Collection
Grenoble, Centre National d’Art Contemporain de Grenoble, Wall Drawings
Londra, Institute of Contemporary Arts, Wall Drawings
Chicago, Donald Young Gallery, New Structures

1987

Parigi, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris
Cleveland, the Cleveland Museum of Art
Munster, Westfalischer Kunstverein

1988

Minneapolis, Walker Art Center, Prints
Napoli, Museo di Capodimonte, Forme di Righe in Bianco e Nero
Brescia, Galleria Massimo Minini, Structures

1989

Berna, kunsthalle Bern, Wall Drawings
Boston, Thomas Segal Gallery, Wall Drawings/Work on Paper
Napoli, Alfonso Artiaco
Madrid, Galeria 57

1990

Tokyo, Tokyo Museum of Contemporary Art, Recent Works
Barcellona, Galeria Benet Costa, Wall Drawings
Friburgo, Galerie G

1991

New York, John Weber Gallery, Wall Drawings
Parigi, Yvon Lambert, Wall Drawings No. 44,45,46, 1970
Zurigo, Annemarie Verna, Complex Forms

1992

Oxford, Museum of Art (itinerante), Drawings 1958-1992
Brescia, Galleria Massimo Minini, Una struttura per l’esterno
Parigi, Galeria Natkin Berta, Black Gouaches

1993

New York, Julian Pretto, Styrofoam Wall Installation (Room)
Gijòn, Centro Internacional de Arte, Drawing
Oxford, Museum of Modern Art (itinerante), Structures 1962-1993

1994

Ginevra, Art & Public, Wall Drawings
Parigi, RENN Espace d’Art Contemporain, 25 Years of Wall Drawings 1969-1994

1995

New York, Gallery 128, 25 Small Gouache Drawings
New York, Gagosian Gallery, Very Large Gouaches
Seoul, Kukje Gallery, New Wall Works

1996

New York, Museum of Modern Art (itinerante), Prints: 1970-1995
Zurigo, Annemarie Verna Galerie, Retrospektiv II Sol LeWitt – Richard Tuttle: Werke/Works 1965-1995
Boston, Barbara Krakow Gallery, Drawings and Sculptures
Eindhoven, Stedelijk Van Abbemuseum, Two Works by Sol LeWitt

1997

Vienna, Galerie Nachst St. Stephan, New Works
New York, Ace Gallery, Wall Paintings

1998

San Giminiano, Galleria Continua (con Luca Pancrazzi)
Londra, Lisson Gallery

1999

Boston, Institute of Contemporary Art
Chicago, Institute of Contemporary Art, Wall Drawing
Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art (itinerante), Circles Arcs and Bands

2000

Roma, Palazzo delle Esposizioni, Wall Drawings
San Francisco, San Francisco Museum of Art (itinerante), Sol LeWitt: A Retrospective

2001

Dublino, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Wall Drawings
Washington, Williams College Museum of Art, Wall Drawing
Roma, Atelier del Bosco di Villa Medici

2003

Madrid, Museo Fundaciòn ICO (itinerante), Fotografia
New York, Paula Cooper Gallery, Wall Drawing for 192 Books

2004

New York, Katonah Museum of Art, Recent Works
Graz, Kunsthaus Graz am Landesmuseum Joanneum, Wall

2005

Brescia, Galleria Massimo Minini
New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art, Sol LeWitt on the Roof: Spotches, Whirls and Twirls

2007

New York, Paula Cooper Gallery
Londra, Jackobson Graphics, Sol leWitt: 30 Years of Print Making

2008

New York, Museum of Modern Art, Focus: Sol LeWitt
Williamstown, Williams College Museum of Art, The ABCDs of Sol LeWitt
Roma, Galleria Nazionale d’Arte Moderna, Monumental Drawings
Cincinnati, Contemporary Arts Center, LeWitt x 2

2009

Liverpool, Tate Liverpool, Artists Room: Sol LeWitt
Stoccolma, Magasin 3 Stockholm Konsthall, Seven Wall Drawings
New York, Pace Gallery, Forms Derived from a Cube

2011

San Francisco, Fraenkel Gallery, Photographic Works 1968-2004
North Adams, Massachussetts Museum of Contemporary Art, An Exchange with Sol LeWitt

2012

Metz, Centre Pompidou-Metz, Wall Drawings from 1968 to 2007
Leuven, Museum Leuven, Colours

2013

Brescia, Galleria Massimo Minini, Ettore Spalletti / Sol LeWitt (con E. Spalletti)

2014

New York, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Sol LeWitt: Wall Drawing #370
New York, Pace Gallery, Sol LeWitt: Horizontal Progression

2016

Milano, Galleria Cardi
Dusseldorf, Konrad Fischer Galerie, Sol LeWitt: Wall Drawings, Grids on Color

2017

Milano, Fondazione Carriero, Sol LeWitt, Between the Lines

 

SELEZIONE ESPOSIZIONI COLLETTIVE:

1963

New York, St. Mark’s Church

1964

New York, Museum of Contemporary Crafts

1966

Boston, Institute of Contemporary Art, Multiplicity
New York, Jewish Museum, Primary Structures
New York, Riverside Museum, Abstract Artist’s Invitational

1967

New York, Finch College Museum, Art in Series
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Sculpture Annual

1968

New York, Museum of Modern Art (itinerante), The Art of the Real
Dusseldorf, Kunsthalle (itinerante), Minimal Art
Kassel, Documenta 4

1969

Berna, Kunsthalle Bern, Art drom Plans
Berna, Kunsthalle Bern; Krefeld, Museum Haus Lange; Londra, Institute of Contemporary Arts, Live in Your Head – When Attitude Becomes Form

1970

New York, Museum of Modern Art, Information
Torino, Galleria Civica d’Arte Moderna, Conceptual Art, Arte Povera, Land Art

1971

New York, Solomon Guggenheim Museum, Guggenheim International Exhibition
Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art, White on White: The White Monochrome in the 20th Century

1973

Basilea, Kunstmuseum Basel, Diagrams and Drawings
Detroit, Detroit Institute of Arts, Art in Space
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Contemporary Drawing

1974

Basilea, Galerie Beyeler, America on paper
Berlino, Neuen Berliner Kunstvereins, Multiples
Indiana, Indianapolis Museum of Art, Painting and Sculpture Today: 1974
Melbourne, National Gallery of Victoria (itinerante), Some Recent American Art

1975

Baltimora, Baltimore Museum of Art, Fourteen Artists
Rimini; Verona, Museo Castelvecchio, Empirica: l’arte tra addizione e sottrazione
Bogota, Museu de Arte de Sao Paulo (itinerante), Color as Language

1976

New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, 200 Years of American Sculpture
Venezia, XXXVII Biennale di Venezia
Bologna, Galleria d’Arte Moderna
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Drawing Now

1977

Chicago, Museum of Contemporary Art, The Word as Image
New York, Brooklyn Museum, Print in Series
Tel Aviv, Yel Aviv Museum, Drawing Now
Kassel, Documenta 6

1979

Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art, Selections/Permanent Collection
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Whitney Biennal

1980

Venezia, XXXVIII Biennale di Venezia

1981

Lubiana, International Biennial of Graphic Art
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, Minimalism x4; Carl Andre, Donald Judd, Sol LeWitt, Robert Morris

1982

Kassel, Documenta 7
Basilea, Kunsthalle Basel, Zeitgenossische Kunst aus der Sammlung Crex

1983

Antwerp, 17th Biennial of Sculpture
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, The Sculptor as Draftsman
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Big Pictures by Contemporary Photographers
Tyler, Tyler Museum of Art (itinerante), Concepts in Construction: 1910-1980

1984

New York, Whitney Museum (itinerante), American Art Since1970: Painting, Sculpture and Drawings from the Collection of the Whitney Museum of American Art
Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, La Grande Parade: Highlights in Painting since 1940
Zurigo, Kunsthaus Zurich, Internationale Neue Kunst aus der Sammlung des Migros GenossenschaftsBundes
Berna, Kunstmuseum Bern, Geometric Art of The Twentieth Century Masters

1985

Jouy-en-Josas, Fondation Cartier pour l’art contemporain, Sculptures
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Contrasts of Form: Geometric Abstract Art 1910-1980
Madrid, Sala de Exposiciones de la Fundacion Caja de Pensiones, Italia Aperta: Nicola De Maria, Sol LeWitt, Hidetoshi Nagasawa, Giulio Paolini, Cy Twombly, Emilio Vedova
Bordeaux, Musée d’Art Contemporain de Bordeaux, Art Minimal I: Carl Andre, Don Judd, Sol LeWitt, Robert Mangold, Robert Morris
Rivoli, Castello di Rivoli, Ouverture

1986

Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art, Individuals: A selected History of Contemporary Art 1945-1986
Bordeaux, Musée d’Art Contemporain de Bordeaux, Art Minimal II
Lione, Nouveau Musée, Collection Souvenier

1987

Madrid, Centro de Arte Reina Sofia, Colleccion Sonnabend
Grenoble, Centre National d’Art Contemporain de Grenoble, Meltem
Munster, Skulptur Projecte Munster
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art at Equitable center, Generations of Geometry: Abstract Painting in America since 1930

1988

Ravenna, Pinacoteca Comunale di Ravenna, Viaggio in Italia: Balthus, Beuys, Dias, Henry, Jorn, Lam, LeWitt, Nagasawa, Pepper, A & P Poirier, Twombly
Venezia, XLIII Biennale di Venezia

1989

Parigi, Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, L’art conceptuel une perspective
Parigi, Centre Pompidou, Villes Nouvelles: Nouveaux projets
Istanbul, I Biannial Istanbul
Liverpool, Tate Gallery, Minimalism
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Abstraction

1991

Rivoli, Castello di Rivoli, Arte & Arte
Dublino, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Inheritance and Transformation

1993

Berlino, Martin-Gropius-Bau, American Art in the 20th Century: Painting and Sculpture 1913-1993

1994

Baden Baden, Staaliche Kunsthalle Baden-Baden, On a Clear Day
Saint-Priest-en-Jarez, Musée d’art moderne de Saint-Etienne, Art américain: les années ’60-‘70

1995

Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art, 1965-1975: Reconsidering the Object of Art
Tokyo, Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo, Revolution: Art of the Sixties from Warhol to Beyous

1996

San Paolo, 23rd Sao Paulo Biennial
Prato, Museo Pecci, Ars Aevi 2000

1997

Venezia, XLVII Biennale di Venezia
Munster, Skulptur Projecte Munster

1998

Oslo, National Museum of Contemporary Art

1999

New York, P.S.1 Contemporary Art Center, Minimalia
New York, Whitney Museum of American Art, The American Century: Art & Culture 1950-2000
Minneapolis, Walker Art Center, Art in our Time: 1950 to the Present
New York, Museum of Modern Art, Modern Starts: People

2000

Humlebaek, Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, Vision and Reality

2002

Francoforte sul Meno, Museum fur Moderne Kunst, Invitation

2004

Los Angeles, Museum of Contemporary Art, Art as Object: A Minimal Future?

2005

Londra, Tate Modern, Open Systems: Rethinking Art c.1970
Napoli, Museo d’Arte Contemporanea Donnaregina

2006

Graz, Kunsthaus Graz, Works from the Herbert Collection

2007

Amsterdam, Stedelijk Museum, Mapping the city

2009

Parigi, Fondation Cartier pour l’Art Contemporain, Born in the street – Graffiti

2010

Dublino, Irish Museum of Modern Art, Vertical Thoughts: Morton Feldman and the Visual Arts

2012

Napoli, Museo MADRE, Sol LeWitt: l’Artista e i Suoi Artisti
San Francisco, San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, Field Conditions
Vienna, MUMOK, Poesie del Reduktion – Minimal, Concept, Land Art

2013

Venezia, Fondazione Prada, When Attitudes Become Form: Bern 1969 / Venezia 2013
Amburgo, Hamburger Kunsthalle, Serial Attitudes – Repetition as an artistic method since the 1960
Berlino, Hamburger Bahnhof, Wall Works

2014

Città del Messico, Museo Tamayo, Double Negative: From Painting to Object
Chicago, The Art Institute of Chicago, Hired Hand
La Spezia, Centro de Arte Moderna e Contemporanea della Spezia, Ripensare le Collezioni: la scultura
Bilbao, Museo Guggenheim de Arte Moderno y Contemporaneo, The Art of our Time. Masterpieces From the Guggenheim Collections